Atlanta+GA+Georgia review
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Genital useful morphology, hypothesized plugging actions, and you will mating positions

Genital useful morphology, hypothesized plugging actions, and you will mating positions

Forecast mating solutions are supplied according to the cuatro methods suggested within our symptomatic method (e.g., mating research, number of patches, patch development, and you can connect perseverance)

Predicted mating options are supplied according to the 4 measures recommended inside our symptomatic method (age.g., mating research, level of patches, spot trend, and you will connect time and effort)

In order to imagine age tested queens, we classified all of the some body because of the cumulative side don ). Queens have been labeled toward adopting the classes: (1) “newly mated,” undamaged wings (0–dos don scratching); (2) “more youthful,” a little used wings (3–5 don scratches); (3) “middle-aged,” worn wings (6–several wear scratching); and you will (4) “dated,” most worn wings (?12 wear ples, research to the side don were not obtained ergo becoming labeled as “zero information.”

grams., solitary couples otherwise multiple pairs)-in the event the there is an individual couples, the queen try noticed singly mated, when the there have been numerous sets, the latest queen are thought remated; (3) time and energy out of mating connect connection according to research by the joint guidance of the presence of melanized spots, the existence of a plug into the king, and you can inferred age-if the melanized spots have been introduce, but connect is actually missing, despite king age, the newest connect try felt short term, if the connect is actually expose, despite king many years, then it are felt a lengthy-term connect; (4) recently mated queens (i.elizabeth., has just mated queens returning regarding an effective nuptial airline; Kerr mais aussi al. 1962; Weil Silva ainsi que al. 1972), was in fact people which have an attached mating plug, but not yet physogastric.